Easy Homemade White Bread

There’s something undeniably magical about the aroma of a fresh loaf of homemade white bread spreading through your kitchen, filling your home with warmth and comfort. Making homemade white bread from scratch is a timeless art that has been passed down through generations, and it’s a craft that brings a profound sense of satisfaction.

In this article, we’re going to take you on a culinary journey that will have you crafting your very own delectable white bread right in your kitchen.

Homemade white bread is not just about filling your home with enticing scents; it’s also about experiencing the pure joy of creating something delicious with your own hands. What’s truly remarkable is that this recipe is not only rewarding but also incredibly simple to follow.

With just a handful of ingredients, namely warm water, active dry yeast, brown sugar or honey, an egg, fine salt, and all-purpose flour, you can transform your kitchen into a bakery.

Before we delve into the step-by-step process of making this homemade white bread, let’s first understand the essential role that each of these ingredients plays in creating the perfect loaf of bread.

Ingredients for Easy Homemade White Bread

All ingredients in individual bowls for homemade white bread
  • 1 1/3 Cup warm water 100-110*F.
  • 2 Teaspoons active dry yeast.
  • 2 Teaspoons brown sugar or raw honey.
  • 1 Egg.
  • 1 Teaspoon fine salt.
  • 3 to 3 1/2 cups all-purpose flour.

Understanding the Key Ingredients for Homemade White Bread

Warm Water – The Foundation of Dough

Warm water is the fundamental building block of bread dough. The water’s temperature, typically around 100-110°F (37-43°C), is critical. This warmth activates the yeast and encourages it to produce carbon dioxide, which is responsible for the bread’s rise. Furthermore, water hydrates the flour, creating a gluten network that gives bread its structure and texture.

Active Dry Yeast – The Rising Agent

Active dry yeast is the magical microorganism responsible for making bread dough rise. It consumes sugars and converts them into carbon dioxide gas and alcohol during the fermentation process. This gas gets trapped within the dough, causing it to expand and become light and airy. Proper activation of yeast is essential for a well-risen loaf.

Brown Sugar or Honey – Sweet Enhancements

Brown sugar or honey serves two purposes. First, they add a touch of sweetness to the bread, enhancing its flavour. Second, they act as a source of food for the yeast during fermentation, accelerating its growth. Raw honey, with its natural sweetness, also adds unique character to the bread.

Egg – Texture and Flavor

An egg contributes both texture and flavour to the bread. It enriches the dough, making it tender and slightly more cake-like. Additionally, eggs add a mild richness and colour to the bread’s crumb and crust. They are optional but recommended for those who want a softer, more flavorful loaf.

Fine Salt – Flavor Balancing and Gluten Aid

Salt is a key ingredient for flavour balance. It not only enhances the overall taste of the bread but also regulates the fermentation process by slowing yeast activity, preventing the dough from over-expanding. In addition, it strengthens the gluten structure, providing the bread with a better texture.

All-Purpose Flour – The Structure Builder

All-purpose flour is the primary source of carbohydrates for the yeast. The proteins in flour, primarily gluten, are crucial for developing the bread’s structure. Gluten gives bread its elasticity and structure, allowing it to trap the carbon dioxide produced by the yeast, resulting in a fluffy and well-textured loaf.

The Step-by-Step Breadmaking Process for Homemade White Bread

homemade white bread dough rising in a bowl with a cloth half covering it

Baking your white bread from scratch is a rewarding journey, and understanding each step is key to achieving a perfect loaf. Let’s walk through the process in detail:

1. Proofing the Yeast

Proofing the yeast is the first crucial step in breadmaking. Start by dissolving the active dry yeast in warm water (between 100-110°F or 37-43°C) along with a teaspoon of brown sugar or honey. This mixture provides a cozy environment for the yeast to come to life. After about 5-10 minutes, you’ll notice the mixture becoming frothy, which indicates that the yeast is active and ready to leaven your dough. Proper yeast activation is essential for a successful rise.

2. Mixing and Kneading

Once the yeast is proofed, it’s time to create your dough. Combine the yeast mixture with an egg, fine salt, and all-purpose flour in a large mixing bowl. Gradually add the flour to form a shaggy dough. Turn the dough out onto a floured surface and knead it for about 10-15 minutes. Kneading develops gluten, giving the bread its structure and texture. You’ll know it’s ready when the dough becomes smooth, elastic, and no longer sticky.

3. First Rise

Place the kneaded dough in a greased bowl, cover it with a damp cloth, and let it rise in a warm, draft-free place for about 1-1.5 hours. During this first rise, fermentation takes place, developing the bread’s flavour. The dough should double in size, indicating that the yeast is doing its job.

4. Shaping the Loaf

After the first rise, punch down the dough to release excess carbon dioxide. Then, shape it into a loaf. You can either place it in a greased bread pan or shape it into a free-form round loaf. Ensure it’s smooth on top and tucked neatly into the pan or on a baking sheet.

5. Second Rise

Cover the shaped dough and allow it to rise for a second time, typically for 30-60 minutes. This rise, also known as the proofing stage, further develops the dough’s texture and flavor. The dough should expand, but it doesn’t need to double in size this time.

homemade white bread rising in a loaf pan

6. Baking to Perfection

Preheat your oven to the recommended temperature (usually around 375-425°F or 190-220°C). For a golden-brown crust, you can brush the loaf with a little egg wash or milk before baking. Bake for 25-30 minutes, or until the bread’s top is beautifully golden and it sounds hollow when tapped. The internal temperature should reach around 190-200°F (88-93°C).

7. Cool and Enjoy

Remove the freshly baked bread from the oven, and resist the temptation to cut into it immediately. Instead, allow it to cool on a wire rack for at least 30 minutes. This cooling period is crucial as it allows the interior to set, ensuring a perfect crumb structure. Once cooled, slice and enjoy your homemade white bread, whether with butter, jam or as the perfect sandwich base.

Troubleshooting Common Issues

Even seasoned bakers encounter challenges from time to time when making white bread from scratch. Here are solutions to some common issues you might face:

Dough not rising

Potential Causes: If your dough doesn’t rise during the proofing stages, it may be due to old or inactive yeast, cold water, or an environment that’s too chilly.


  • Check the expiration date on your yeast and ensure it’s stored in a cool, dry place.
  • Use water within the temperature range of 100-110°F (37-43°C).
  • Place the dough in a warmer area for the first rise, like an oven with the light on, to help activate the yeast.

Bread too dense

Tips for achieving the ideal texture:

  • Ensure your dough is kneaded sufficiently. It should be smooth, elastic, and no longer sticky. Under-kneading can result in a dense texture.
  • Avoid overloading the dough with flour during kneading or shaping, as this can make the bread heavy.
  • Allow adequate time for both rises. Rushing through them can lead to a less airy crumb.

Storing and Preserving

Guidance on keeping your bread fresh:

  • To maintain freshness, store your homemade white bread in a paper bag or bread box at room temperature for up to 2-3 days. This allows it to breathe and helps preserve the crust’s texture.
  • For longer storage, wrap the bread in plastic wrap or aluminum foil and place it in an airtight container. Store it in the freezer for up to 2-3 months.
  • When reheating, wrap the bread in aluminum foil and place it in a preheated oven at 350°F (175°C) for 10-15 minutes or until it’s warmed through.

Customizing Your Homemade White Bread

2 cooked loaves of homemade white bread

One of the joys of baking your white bread from scratch is the endless potential for customization. While the classic white bread is delightful on its own, adding your unique twist to it can elevate the experience. Here are some creative ways to make your homemade bread even more special:

Adding seeds, herbs, or spices for flavour variations

  • Experiment with different seeds like sesame, poppy, or sunflower seeds. They not only add a delightful crunch but also introduce a spectrum of flavours.
  • Herbs and spices like rosemary, garlic, or oregano can infuse your bread with enticing aromas and unique tastes. Mix them into the dough during the kneading process.

Swapping flours for different textures and tastes

  • Instead of using only all-purpose flour, consider blending it with whole wheat flour for a heartier, nuttier flavour and added fibre.
  • Try rye or spelt flour for a distinct taste and a rustic texture. Each type of flour will introduce new dimensions to your bread.

Incorporating mix-ins like dried fruits or nuts

  • Enhance the sweetness and texture of your bread by adding dried fruits like raisins, cranberries, or apricots. These will create little pockets of natural sweetness.
  • Nuts, such as walnuts, pecans, or almonds, bring a delightful crunch and a rich, earthy flavour to your bread. Chop them and fold them into the dough for a gourmet touch.

Sourcing Quality Ingredients

The quality of the ingredients you choose plays a pivotal role in the outcome of your homemade white bread. Here’s why it’s essential to prioritize quality when sourcing ingredients:

Locating warm, fresh water

Water is the primary ingredient in breadmaking, so its quality is paramount. It’s essential to use clean, fresh water that’s at the right temperature (100-110°F or 37-43°C) to activate the yeast properly. Water that’s too cold or too chlorinated can hinder yeast activation and affect the bread’s rise and flavor.

Selecting the right type of yeast

The type and quality of yeast you use significantly impact the bread’s texture and taste. Fresh yeast, instant yeast, and active dry yeast are commonly available options. Ensure your yeast is well within its expiration date, and store it properly in a cool, dry place to maintain its potency.

Opting for organic brown sugar or raw honey

The choice between brown sugar or raw honey can influence the flavour of your bread. Opting for organic brown sugar or pure raw honey ensures that you’re adding natural sweeteners without artificial additives. This enhances the bread’s flavour and supports a more wholesome product.

Choosing the best flour for your bread

The type of flour you choose significantly affects the texture and structure of your bread. All-purpose flour is the standard choice for white bread, but you can explore options like unbleached or bread flour for slight variations in texture and taste. Selecting high-quality flour ensures better consistency and a superior result.

Additional Tips and Tricks

Achieving breadmaking success often lies in the details and techniques that elevate your homemade white bread to perfection. Here are some additional tips to help you master the art:

Using a kitchen thermometer for water temperature

Consistency in water temperature is crucial. Invest in a kitchen thermometer to ensure the water used for proofing the yeast falls within the ideal range of 100-110°F (37-43°C). This precision ensures that the yeast is activated optimally, setting the stage for a successful rise.

The impact of kneading techniques on bread structure

Kneading is the key to developing gluten, which gives your bread its structure and texture. Use the windowpane test: stretch a small piece of dough between your fingers. If it forms a thin, translucent “windowpane” without tearing, it’s sufficiently kneaded. Don’t rush this step; proper kneading is essential for a light and airy crumb.

The role of resting and patience in the breadmaking process

Allow the dough to rest at various stages. After kneading, let it rest for a few minutes to relax the gluten. During the rises, patience is key. Ensure the dough doubles in size during the first rise and slightly expands during the second. These periods of rest and patience help develop flavor and texture.


In closing, creating your white bread from scratch is a delightful and rewarding endeavor. We’ve explored the importance of each ingredient, the step-by-step process, ways to troubleshoot common issues, and the freedom to customize your bread with various flavors.

The joy of producing warm, aromatic bread at home is unparalleled, and the simplicity of this recipe makes it accessible to all. Don’t hesitate to roll up your sleeves, gather the ingredients, and embark on your homemade breadmaking journey.

Don’t be afraid to try other Homemade Bread recipes too. The satisfaction of slicing into your very own freshly baked white bread is an experience that’s worth taking the time to master.

Thanks so much for reading! If you are new here, you may want to sign up for my email newsletter. If you make this recipe, please come back and leave a star rating and review. I would love to hear what you think!
Happy baking and bon appétit!

Homemade loaf of bread on a wooden cutting board

Easy Homemade White Bread

Is there anything better than a freshly baked pan of homemade dinner rolls? This recipe is a favorite and my go-to for the most perfectly soft, fluffy, buttery rolls.
Prep Time 1 hour 30 minutes
Cook Time 30 minutes
Total Time 2 hours
Course Side Dish
Cuisine American
Servings 12


  • 1 1/3 cup warm water
  • 1 package active dry yeast
  • 2 teaspoons brown sugar or honey
  • 1 egg
  • 1 teaspoon fine salt
  • 2 tablespoons oil
  • 3 -3 1/2 cups all-purpose flour


  • Combine the water, yeast, and sugar into a large mixing bowl. Stir until dissolved, and a little foamy. Yeast is now active.
  • Add in the egg, oil and salt.
  • Add the flour one cup at a time. Once the mixture is stiff, transfer it to a well-floured countertop.
  • Knead for 4-5 minutes, or until smooth and elastic. If the dough is too sticky, add more flour.
  • Shape the smooth dough into a ball and place in a bowl. Cover with a dish cloth and let rise in a warm place for one hour, or until doubled in size.

After the First Rise (about an hour)

  • Grease a loaf pan (9″x5″). punch down the dough and shape it into a “log”.
  • Place dough into the loaf pan and let it rise 20-30 more minutes, (or until it starts to peek over the edge of the pan.
  • Bake in a 350℉ oven for 25-30 minutes, or until lightly browned.


Nutrition Estimate
Servings Per Recipe: 12
Amount per serving
Calories: 147.2   Fat 20 g  Total Fat 2.3 g    Saturated Fat 1.3 g  Cholesterol 5.1 mg
Sodium 164 mg  Total Carbohydrate 27.3 g  Dietary Fiber 1.1 g  Sugars 0.8 g
Protein 3.8 g

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